Walleye

Walleye

World Record: 25 lbs
Old Hickory Lake, TN
August 2nd 1960
Length: 13-25inches
Found in: Lakes & Rivers
Cool Waters 23C

Identification

The walleye is the largest member of the perch family. They have an elongated, slightly compressed body and a bluntly pointed head. Walleye have a long, blunt snout. The back and top of the head are dark green; the sides are golden yellow; and the underside is milk-white or yellow-white. The dorsal and caudal fins are speckled, the pelvic fins are yellow or orange-yellow; and the pectoral fins are dark or pale olive. Five darker saddles that extend to their upper sides break up their olive/gold pattern. The color shades to white on the belly. The mouth of a walleye is large and is armed with many sharp teeth.

Habitat

Walleye typically are bottom dwelling fish. Their eyes are very light sensitive, and clear lakes on bright days they certainly will go deep, They loosely school, and finding one fish is a good reason to keep fishing in an area. In midsummer, walleye tend to stay deep. In winter, they remain active and are a very popular species through the ice. They will seek out their food, and take advantage of inactive, resting bait. Usually stay over firm bottom such as sand, rock or gravel; occasionally near vegetation but not in it.

Diet

Walleye eat small fishes, minnows, yellow perch, suckers, and bluegill to their diet. Adult walleye consume large quantities of fish, sometimes feeding upon them almost entirely. Yellow perch make up a substantial part of the walleye diet in the natural lakes. Walleye are perfectly adapted for capturing prey in very low light, or even in total darkness. At the same time in most clear waters that they occupy, they forage most effectively at dawn and dusk when the prey fishes have limited vision but remain active. Their large, unusual eyes of the walleye are designed to help them easily find their prey.