Yellow Perch

Yellow Perch

World Record: 4lbs, 3oz
Bordentown, New Jersey
May 1st 1865
Length: 6-10 inches
Found in: Lakes
Cool waters 22C


The yellow perch is a member of the perch family of fishes and has the following characteristics: An elongate, oval body; A moderately long, blunt snout which does not extend beyond the lower jaw; Two well separated dorsal fins; The back and top of the head are bright green to olive to golden brown and this color extends downwards to form six to eight vertical bars over the yellow to yellow-green sides; The underside is white; and The dorsal and caudal fins are yellow to green, anal and pelvic fins opaque yellow to silver white and the pectoral fins amber and transparent.


The yellow perch is most abundant in the open water of lakes with moderate vegetation, clear water and bottoms of muck to sand and gravel. They spawn in the spring, usually from mid- April to May. Adults migrate to the shallow waters of lakes and often into tributary rivers to spawn. Spawning takes place during the night and early morning, usually near rooted vegetation, submerged brush or fallen trees, The eggs hatch in approximately 8 - 10 days and the young remain inactive for about 5 days. In the first summer large, compact schools of the young are often seen. Adults and young are gregarious, often moving about in loose groups of 50-200 individuals.


The food of the yellow perch changes with size and season but it is mainly composed of immature insects, larger invertebrates, and the eggs and young of a wide variety of fishes. It is an active feeder during the whole year and can be angled summer and winter. The yellow perch may be the easiest of all fish to catch and is a favorite sport fish of children.